The first document testifying to the existence of a rural property called “Terra Bianca” (“white terrain”, from the light-colored soil) is dated 1085. The Terrabianca we all know, however, began nearly a thousand years later, in 1988, on this same location characterized by a strata of chalk, sand and clay, predominantly calcareous. Replanting, research and clonal selection began in 1989 and has continued ever since. Today, the vineyard boasts 307 acres of vineyards, olive groves, and woodland at an altitude of 250-500 (820-1,640 feet) above sea level. The vineyards are all high density and the choice of clones aims to bring out the best in each individual terroir. There are 15 Sangiovese clones, 12 of Cabernet, nine of Merlot and one of Canaiolo. Roberto Guldener has recently taken back the reins of Terrabianca after an eight-year break and says, “In 2017, wine captured us again and we were able to buy Terrabianca back. Wine is a lifestyle, a creation that needs to match life; this is what makes it so fascinating. In our cellar, we have all the vintages produced from 1989 onwards: our history, a life dedicated to wine.” Terrabianca has a second property in mineral-rich Maremma, 43 miles away. It is called Il Tesoro (“Treasure”, in Italian). This second vineyard is home to 4,000 olive trees, some of which are 350 years old, as well as Sangiovese, Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon vineyards; the latter two varieties are particularly suited to this distinct terroir. All of the grapes are transferred to Radda within a few hours of picking, where they are vinified and bottled.