Known as the green heart of Italy, because of its rich vegetation, this region is totally landlocked, with scorching hot summers, and cool, rainy winters. Wonderfully uncontaminated, the region is full of Medieval towns that dot the lush rolling countryside – the region is 70% hills, 30% mountains – full of vineyards, olive groves and much more. Umbria has a long tradition in viticulture and agriculture, going back to the Etruscans, much like Tuscany and Lazio. The mostly calcareous clay and sand soils are perfect for the grapes and there are many unique and native grapes still grown here today – from the incredible Sagrantino to Trebbiano Spoletino, both excellent expressions of the local terroir. Vineyards in the region extend 13,000 hectares (32,123 acres). There are currently two DOCGs and 13 DOCs.